Top Health Care Statistics – Pennsylvania Employee Benefits

By: Peter Freska, MPH, CEBS, Benefits Advisor
The LBL Group
A UBA Partner Firm

surveypageWe field many call to review, speak, and comment on a variety of topics. Of course, these generally pertain to health care. In preparing for a coming presentation, I came across a recent article in Becker’s Hospital Review titled “100 Healthcare Statistics to Know”. While there are many topics that comprise health care, the article breaks them down into 10 categories:  Hospital and Physician Facts, Hospital and Health System Compensation, Health Coverage, Medicaid, Medicare, Hospital Construction, Accountable Care Organizations, Health IT, Patient Care and Quality, and Miscellaneous Health Care Statistics. While all these topics are important, of particular interest is the section on health coverage:

  • Roughly 10.3 million adults in America gained health coverage between January 2012 and June 2014, according to a study published in The New England Journal of Medicine.
  • In 2014, the number of uninsured Americans dropped by 3.8 million from January to March, which brought the average percentage of people without health insurance to 13.1%, according to a survey by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics.
  • On average, health care cost nearly $9,000 per person in 2012, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
  • On average, health care for a typical family of four covered by an employer-sponsored preferred provider organization plan currently costs roughly $23,215. That cost is nearly twice what it was a decade ago, but the year-over-year increase of 5.4% between 2013 and 2014 is the lowest growth rate recorded by the Milliman Medical Index since it was first calculated in 2002.
  • National health care spending is projected by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to increase 4.7% from 2013 to 2015.

In reviewing these statistics against the United Benefit Advisors (UBA) 2014 Health Plan Survey* (which is the nation’s largest and most comprehensive benchmarking survey of plan design and cost), I came up with some interesting comparisons. First, it is important to note that the UBA 2014 Health Plan Survey database contains the validated responses of 16,467 health plans, sponsored by 9,950 employers, who cumulatively employ nearly one million employees and provide coverage for more than four million total lives. Individually validated responses from employers in more than 3,000 communities in all 50 states and the District of Columbia complete the database.

  • To compare a few statistics, the outlined health care cost was “nearly $9,000 per person in 2012.” The 2014 UBA Health Plan Survey indicates an average plan cost of $9,504 with an average employee cost of $3,228 and an average employer cost per employee of $6,276.
  • Premium increases are now an average of 5.6% for all plans – up from 5.5% in 2013.

Related to the premium increases are plans that have been able to hold out on making changes – “grandfathered,” and now so called “grandmothered” plans.

  • Employers delaying their health plan renewal dates until December 1 increased 322% from 2013 to 2014. Approximately 32% of employers postponed their renewal date, 94% of which were small businesses in the fewer than 100 employee market. In the fewer than 50 employee group size, there was more than five times the number of renewals for December 1, 2013, over 2012.

Driving large employers (1,000+ employees), is their ability to more easily self-fund.

  • 10.6% of all plans are self-funded, with more than three-fourths (80.0%) of all large employer plans self-funded.
  • These measures continue to indicate that self-funding is moving down market, as smaller employers are working to avoid premium increase and the Health Insurer Transitional Tax (HIT Tax). A move to self-funding from a fully insured plan will allow an organization to recognize a 2% to 7% (nationally) HIT tax.

Knowing the numbers, and having the ability to benchmark employer plans, is paramount – especially with so many changes driven by health care reform. Current, validated data allows employer plans to make the best informed decisions to benefit the organization as well as the employees and families to which they provide benefits.

* Data in the 2014 UBA Health Plan Survey is based on responses from 9,950 employers sponsoring 16,967 health plans nationwide. The survey’s focus is intended to provide a current snapshot of the nation’s employers rather than covered employees. Results are applicable to the small to midsize market that makes up a majority of American businesses, as well as to larger employers, providing benchmarking data on a more detailed level than any other survey.

CLICK HERE to pre-order a copy of the 2014 UBA Health Plan Survey Executive Summary or CLICK HERE to request a customized benchmarking report.

“In the rapidly changing implementation of PPACA, it is critical for businesses to know their benchmark on medical plans,” says UBA CEO Les McPhearson. “This is not only for their industry, but in their state, region and nationally as well. I’d encourage employers to look at the UBA Health Plan Survey in a way that is most relevant to their business.”

The 2014 UBA Health Plan Survey offers more than national data and UBA recommends that employers benchmark with local data, which is more effective when adjusting plan design, negotiating rates, and communicating value to employees. 

Top Health Care Statistics

We field many calls to review, speak, and comment on a variety of topics. Of course, these generally pertain to health care. In preparing for a coming presentation, I came across a recent article in Becker’s Hospital Review titled “100 Healthcare Statistics to Know”.

The Story Behind Minimal Changes in Plan Designs and Premium Rates – Pennsylvania Employee Benefits

CTA 2014 Benchmarking SurveyBy Carol Taylor, Employee Benefit Advisor
D&S Agency, a UBA Partner Firm 

The United Benefit Advisors (UBA) annual Health Plan Survey for 2014, which contains validated data on 16,467 plans for 9,950 employers, shows minor average change for plans in the last year. The survey contains information on plans that renewed predominantly between June 2013 and June 2014.

While the average in-network deductible rose a mere $49 to $1,901, the larger plan changes are only seen in the median results:

  • In-network out-of-pocket maximums jumped $500 for single coverage and $1,000 for family coverage.
  • The out-of-network out-of-pocket maximums rose by $1,000 for both single and family coverage.

The median numbers show the underlying shifts for trend purposes. With the median changes showing a large shift, it means employers are moving away from the lower or no deductible plans. Since there is also, by federal law, a maximum out-of-pocket cap, we will likely see these amounts continue to rise toward that cap.

Plan renewal rates, by employer size, showed the opposite of prior years’ increases:

  • Employers with 100 to 200 employees saw an average increase in 2013-2014 of 4.3%. The 2012-2013 survey showed the increase was 1.3%
  • Employers with 50 to 99 employees for 2013-2014, showed increases averaging 3.2%. In the prior year, the increases averaged 2%.
  • Employers with fewer than 50 employees had the most minimal increases for 2013-2014 of just over 1%. In 2012-2013, the increase was almost 5%.

Small employers, those with fewer than 50 employees, were given the chance in most markets across the U.S., to renew their plans as of December 1, 2013. The net effect was a delay strategy for several changes required by law as of the first renewal on or after January 1, 2014. The one that is affecting the small group rates significantly is the rate compression to a 3:1 premium ratio, meaning the rate for those age 64 and older, cannot be more than three times the rate charged to someone that is age 20. Prior to that mandate, most states had a 7:1 premium ratio. While other requirements were part of the law, such as coverage for essential health benefits (EHBs) and no pre-existing condition exclusions, the driving factor to take advantage of the ‘early renewal’ strategy was to delay the rate compression.

From the 2013 UBA Health Plan Survey, in the fewer than 50 employee category, there were 507 employers that had a December 1, 2012, renewal. The latest survey data shows for a December 1, 2013, renewal date, in the same size category, there were 2,598 employers. More than five times the number of employers took advantage of delaying their renewal dates!

For most plans that renewed on December 1, 2013, this was their second renewal in one year. This would also account for the minimal rate increases as shown above.

When the small group market reforms expand to those employers with fewer than 100 employees in 2016, from the current definition of employers with fewer than 50 employees, we will likely see another round of early renewal strategies to delay the effects of the rate compression. These renewal delays will continue to have ripple effects in the insurance industry for many years to come.

Some states have taken advantage of the “if you like your plan, you can keep it” extension, others have not. In the states that did allow the extension, they are seeing minimal increases, most not more than 12%. In states where the extension was not allowed, such as Virginia, the majority of our clients are seeing increases ranging from 40% to more than 167%. 

Request a copy of the 2014 UBA Health Plan Survey here or contact a local UBA Partner for a customized benchmarking report.

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The United Benefit Advisors (UBA) annual Health Plan Survey for 2014, which contains validated data on 16,467 plans for 9,950 employers, shows minor average change for plans in the last year. The survey contains information on plans that renewed predom…

How Wellness Programs Affect Affordability and Minimum Value Calculations- Pennsylvania Benefit Broker

By Linda Rowings

questionWe field a lot of questions from employers about wellness programs and how they comply with PPACA.  Here are two of the most common ones from UBA’s “Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About Wellness Programs’ Legal Requirements”:

Q:      How does a wellness program affect affordability calculations?

A:      The proposed regulations provide that when deciding if the employee’s share of the premium is affordable (less than 9.5% of the employee’s safe harbor income), the employer may not consider wellness incentives or surcharges except for a non-smoking incentive. In other words, the premium for non-smokers will be used to determine affordability (even for smokers). Any other type of wellness incentive must be disregarded.

         Example: Acme has a wellness program that reduces premiums by $300 for employees who do not use tobacco products or who complete a smoking cessation course. Premiums are reduced by $200 if an employee completes cholesterol screening during the plan year. The annual employee premium is $4,000. Employee B does not use tobacco and completed the cholesterol screen, so the cost of his actual premium is $3,500 [$4,000 – 300 – 200]. Employee C uses tobacco and does not do the cholesterol screen, so the cost of her actual premiums is $4,000. For purposes of affordability, Acme will use $3,700 as the cost of coverage for both Employee B and Employee C [$4,000 less the available $300 non-smoker discount].

Q:      How does a wellness program affect minimum value calculations?

A:      When calculating minimum value, if incentives for nonuse of tobacco may be used to reduce cost-sharing (i.e., the deductible or out-of-pocket costs), those incentives may be taken into account when determining minimum value. Other types of wellness incentives that affect cost-sharing may not be considered.

For nearly 50 frequently asked questions and answers about wellness programs United Benefit Advisors (UBA) request UBA’s “Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About Wellness Programs’ Legal Requirements”. For general highlights about wellness programs, download “Highlights of the Wellness program Requirements”.

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